The company Pininfarina, perhaps the most renowned automotive design studio in the world. The company’s specialists have worked on models of Ferrari supercars and cheap Hyundai. Pininfarina has its own production – yet started its history, the company and the company as a bodybuilder, but today is known more in the works for other automakers.
At the Geneva Motor Show Italians showed unusual concept car – sedan Cambiano. The car is named after the village of Cambiano, near Turin, where 30 years ago the Center began working style Pininfarina. The car made such a vivid impression on the visitors (many of whom are rich and avtokollektsionerov) that representatives of Pininfarina just filled requests for small-scale production of unusual cars. And now, a week after the presentation, it was learned that the Italians still make a small batch of Cambiano at its own facilities.
The car does not go on sale for public – it is focused solely on the wealthy collectors. That’s why the party will be limited, though not yet known how many cars will be produced. If everything is limited to 10 copies, but for every instance of Cambiano will have to pay about one million euros, but if Pininfarina decides to release 70 to 75 coupe, the price drops to the usual in the world of supercars 400-450 thousand euros.
Like most works of the studio concept combines the beauty, attractiveness, smooth lines and aggression. The concept was created by the classical canons – a long hood and a “tail” rear. Catches the eye is fully LED headlamps and glass roof, which stretches over the whole interior. Salon itself designed for four passengers, each of which has an individual seat. The interior is naturally finished with the most expensive leather, the floor is made of fine wood with light. The instrument panel – digital, but to emphasize the car class here has analog clock.
Pininfarina Cambiano is equipped with a hybrid power plant, and the unusual. The main role is played by an electric motor and diesel small cubic capacity is used as a generator for recharging the batteries. The total capacity of the hybrid – 680 hp Up to 100 km / h 1700-pound coupe accelerates in just 4.2 seconds. Maximum speed Cambiano is 275 km / h Cruising range without recharging and refueling – more than 200 kilometers.
The next stage of the design – the creation of the project.
Almost at this stage of the work done with the created model, it is brought to the level of use to transform pedagogical reality. Since the model of pedagogy is compiled mainly thoughts, but also the function of the installation, to the extent the project is a conversion mechanism of the educational process and environment.
The third stage of the design – it is constructing. Construction of the project more details, elaborates and brings it to the realities of business. Konstruirovanie learning and teaching is methodical task.
Forms of pedagogical design – these are documents that describe how to create varying degrees of accuracy and effect of pedagogical systems, processes or situations.
Let us consider the design of forms, which are now accepted in our education system. Consider two of them.
Concept – this is one of the forms through which outlines the basic point of view, a leading design, theoretical teaching basic principles of systems or processes. As a rule, the concept is based on scientific studies. Although it is quite generalized and abstract, but still has great practical significance. Purpose of the concept – to present the theory in a constructive and oriented way. Thus, any concept includes only those provisions of the ideas, views, which are possible for practical implementation in a particular system process.
For example, the concept of vocational education include a statement of the general methodology (basic theory) that reveals the role and place of vocational education in the socio-economic system of the country and in the education system. Methodological level concept assumes a description of vocational education as part of the whole in which it operates. In concept also includes a summary of other theoretical positions of the immediate organization of VET: its goals, objectives, principles and directions of development, the proposed structure, personnel, rights and responsibilities, funding, logistical and methodological support, a description of the management.
So constructed concept for school, vocational and university systems.
A special form of design – a dream. Dream – a way that is created by our imagination, it is a subject of our desires, aspirations. Dream – this tool for learning.
Dream – the emotional ability to engineered “man of the future.
Plan – a document which provides a list of cases (events), the order and place to be. Plans npotsesse design are very widely used: a training plan, plan the educational activities of vocational schools, fire tutorial, etc. Each of these plans has its purpose, and its structure.
Instructional Design is the mechanism of the development of technology in educational theory and practice.
Pedagogical principles of design.
1. The principle of human priorities as a principle focus on the individual – party subsystems, processes or situations – is paramount.
Obey projected subsystems, processes, situations of the real needs, interests and abilities of students looking for faith.
Do not force students to fulfill their projects, designs, learn to back off, replace them with others.
Tough and not design the details, leave the students and being able to improvise.
In the design of teacher recommended to put in place a student lo and mentally predict its behavior, feelings arising under the influence created for HE1 system, process or situation.
2 The principle of self-designed systems, processes, situations, means the creation of a dynamic, flexible, able to move on to the implementation of the change, perestroika “complexity or simplicity.
Do not stop at one project, keep in stock a one – two of the project, too, ensuring the achievement of goals.
Life has always varied and unexpected of all projects. This is particularly evident in pedagogy. We can not allow any plan benefits, the script provided by the violent impact of the pupil, broke his will. The teacher has a sufficient number of methods, tools, forms and diverse content to choose exactly what you need it to pupils, helping them to grow and develop